By Lushun Museum
A Pictorial list of the Qing Dynasty Manchurian Railway files the early degree of the Manchurian Railway (1906-1911), masking its operations alongside the railway and in its accent lands. inclusive of 500 pictures taken from Lushun Museum's certain archive at the Manchurian Railway, the booklet supply first-hand assets for learning the historical past of Japan's invasion of China courting from the overdue Qing Dynasty.After successful the Russo-Japanese conflict, the japanese based the Southern Manchurian Railway company to construct a railway procedure in accordance with the previous Russian-owned railway. established on Dalian, the railway prolonged to many components of northeastern China. even as, the company additionally initiated a large-scale improvement of mineral mines, ports, cities, and villages alongside the railway. initially taken to accumulate the archive for the Manchurian Railway research division, all of the photos accrued within the booklet are sincerely dated, information-packed, and of remarkable educational value.KEY good points- Manchurian Railway is the fourth booklet in A Pictorial list of the Qing Dynasty sequence. the opposite 3 books are entitled company bocuments (Released may perhaps 2008), previous Manchu Capital (Released June 2008), and Rivers and websites (Released October 2008)- almost all these important ancient pictures amassed during this publication can be found to the general public for the 1st time- content material starting from railway building, port amenities, agriculture, undefined, mining, tradition, schooling, and well-being- greater than 500 unique pictures
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Additional info for A Pictorial Record of the Qing Dynasty - Manchurian Railway
In the industrial sector the monopoly included machinery, chemicals, electricity, coal gas, and oil mills, with the Manchurian railway opening Shahekou Plant, shipyard companies, electrical companies, and so on. With the establishment of Dalian as a free-trade port, many merchants from Japan, Europe, and America came to invest in China, creating a commercial and trade monopoly by Dalian’s Japanese merchants. Japanese trading firms were agglomerated in the areas of Langsuting (today’s Tianjin Street) and Changpan Bridge (today’s Qingniwa Bridge).
Lüshun Station was built in 1900 and Pulandian Station in 1903. Dalian Station and Jinzhou Station were built in 1904 and 1905, respectively. After the russo–Japanese War, the Manchurian railway rebuilt and extended these russian-built railway stations. It also built Nanguanling Station and Zhoushuizi Station in 1907 to improve the railway station system in Dalian. As a result, railway became the main means for the Japanese to transport armaments and various cargoes. In addition, the Manchurian railway started to modify the gauge of the russian-built railway and changed its narrow gauge to international standard.
Then, in 1907, this factory was handed over to the Manchurian Railway to repair locomotives and manufacture electric rail cars. In August 1910, the factory was relocated to Shahekou and renamed the Manchurian Railway Shahekou Railway Plant to produce locomotives and other equipment. 585 Dalian Locomotive Plant (1904) 594 Dalian Locomotive Plant making tram rails (1909) Manchurian Railway 31 dAliAn heAdQuArters 605 A production workshop of the Manchurian Railway Shahekou Railway Plant (1910) 614 A workshop of the Dalian Shunxing Machinery Works (1910) 3 A P i c t o r i A l r e c o r d o f t h e Qi ng dynAsty dAliAn heAdQuArters 625 636 A factory building of the Dalian Shunxing Machinery Works (1910) Dalian Zhengji Iron Mill (1910) Manchurian Railway 33 dAliAn heAdQuArters 34 645 656 Dalian Industries Association (1906) Manchurian Aquatic Products Corporation (1908) A P i c t o r i A l r e c o r d o f t h e Qi ng dynAsty dAliAn heAdQuArters 665 676 Japanese fishermen fishing at Zhangzidao Island (1910) Pulandian Saltern (1910) Manchurian Railway 35 dAliAn heAdQuArters INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES After the russo-Japanese War, while continuing to use the public facilities left behind by russia, Japan took advantage of Chinese labor, materials, and financial resources to modify and build facilities for coal gas, lighting, postal services, and communication.