Download A Framework for Web Science by Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, James A Hendler PDF

By Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, James A Hendler

A Framework for internet technology units out a sequence of methods to the research and synthesis of the realm large net, and different web-like details constructions. A accomplished set of study questions is printed, including a sub-disciplinary breakdown, emphasising the multi-faceted nature of the internet, and the multi-disciplinary nature of its research and improvement. those questions and methods jointly set out an schedule for net technology, the technological know-how of decentralised details structures. internet technology is needed either in an effort to comprehend the net, and to be able to concentration its improvement on key communicational and representational requisites. A Framework for net technology surveys valuable engineering matters, similar to the advance of the Semantic internet, net providers and P2P. Analytic techniques to find the Web's topology, or its graph-like constructions, are tested. eventually, the internet as a know-how is largely socially embedded; accordingly a variety of matters and necessities for internet use and governance also are reviewed. A Framework for net technology is aimed basically at researchers and builders within the region of Web-based wisdom administration and data retrieval. it's going to even be a useful reference for college kids in machine technology on the postgraduate point, lecturers and business practitioners.

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The equivalent in the SW of the words of natural language are logical terms, of which URIs are prominent. Thus we have an immediate disanalogy between NLP and the SW, which is that URIs, unlike words, have owners, and so can be regulated. That is not to say that such regulation will ensure immunity from the meaning drift that linguists detect, but may well provide sufficient stability over the short to medium term. 4 The analysis of the Web Learning the properties of the Web as a formal object in its own right provides a good deal of leverage for designers of new systems, and even more perhaps for the standards bodies whose job it is to discover and preserve the essential invariants of the Web experience at the macro scale.

Rather than a centralised form of classification, users can assign key words to documents or other information sources. And when these tags are aggregated, the results are very interesting. us/ – a site for sharing bookmarks). Keepers of unofficial weblogs (blogs) tag their output. The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) has seen opportunities here with a radio programme driven by users’ tagging (via mobile phone) of pop songs [61]. As the number of tags on an application increases, increasing structure is detectable – tags tend to be reused, and reapplied to new items by new users, and all the usual relationships of subsumption, etc, start to emerge.

122] – ironically a currently evolving document at the time of writing that includes an unstructured account of its own provenance). 38 Engineering the Web Another key factor in assessing the trustworthiness of a document is the reliability or otherwise of the claims expressed within it; metadata about provenance will no doubt help in such judgements but need not necessarily resolve them. Representing confidence in reliability has always been difficult in epistemic logics. In the context of knowledge representation approaches include: subjective logic, which represents an opinion as a real-valued triple (belief, disbelief, uncertainty) where the three items add up to 1 [159, 160]; grading based on qualitative judgements, although such qualitative grades can be given numerical interpretations and then reasoned about mathematically [110, 115]; fuzzy logic (cf.

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