By Logan E. Whalen
After approximately 8 centuries and masses examine and writing on Marie de France, the single biographical details we all know approximately her, with any measure of sure bet, is that she was once from France and wrote for the Anglo-Angevin courtroom of Henry II. but Marie de France continues to be at the present time the most renowned literary voices of the top of the twelfth century and was once the 1st lady of letters to jot down in French. The chapters during this e-book are composed by means of students who've really good in Marie de France experiences, commonly for a few years. providing conventional perspectives along new serious views, the authors speak about many various points of her poetics
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Additional resources for A Companion to Marie de France
885–86) and Chevrefoil (vv. 112–13). 37 Marie refers to the Bretons or the Breton language in the prologues to Guigemar (v. 20), Equitan (v. 2), Bisclavret (v. 3), Lanval (v. 4), Les Deus Amanz (v. 4), Laüstic (v. 2), and Eliduc (v. 1), and in the epilogues to Equitan (v. 312), Lanval (v. 642), Les Deus Amanz (v. 244), Laüstic (v. 159), and Eliduc (v. 1182). the prologues and the epilogues of marie de france 17 He further observes that Marie uses the term lai or lais in each of the 12 prologues,38 demonstrating that the oral version of the genre existed before her time and that she understood what it represented.
A Study in Sources (Evanston, IL, 1969). 24 Tom P. N. Illingworth, “Celtic Tradition and the ‘Lai’ of ‘Yonec,’” Etudes Celtiques 9 (1960–61), 501–20; and Silvio Avalle D’Arco, “Fra mito e fiaba: l’ospite misterioso,” Travaux de Linguistique et de Littérature 16 (1978), 33–44. B. Ogle, “Some Theories of Irish Literary Influence and the Lay of Yonec,” Romanic Review 10 (1919), 123–48. marie de france and the learned tradition 39 particularly close resemblance: an Indian story called The Fan Prince and a Russian tale, The Resplendent Falcon.
Do not consider me presumptuous if I make so bold as to offer you this gift. ] The closing lines of this prologue serve Marie well and are intended to guarantee the reception of her work. They clearly present her king as worthy (nobles) and courtly (curteis) as she humbly beseeches him to accept her gift. The theme of courtliness (curteisie) appears regularly throughout the lais, and Marie’s characters are rewarded if they exemplify this quality, or punished if they lack it. Marie presents Henry II as an honorable and courtly king in whose heart all virtue is born, or literally “has taken root” (“en ki quoer tuz biens racine”).