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By Henk Courtz

The Carib language, also known as Galibi or precise Carib, is spoken by means of a few 7000 humans dwelling in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Brazil. Henk Courtz's publication, initially a Leiden collage Ph.D. dissertation, includes a specific description of Carib grammar and the main vast stock of Carib lexemes and affixes to this point. the fabric is of curiosity to students within the fields of linguistic typology, comparative Cariban linguistics, Carib dialects, and to a person who's curious to grasp extra in regards to the Carib language of South-America. Please stopover at the publisher's web site ( for excerpts and errata.

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Extra resources for A Carib grammar and dictionary

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In Venezuelan Carib, all high vowels are involved in this phenomenon (see rypo, unamyry and ita), in the other dialects only the /i/ perseveres. The perseverance is represented in Venezuelan Carib orthography, but not in the others. ’ Apparently, this is a mistake for e:rupa, a word with an irregular stem initial long vowel (compare the possessed form e:rupa:rï, which Hoff does write with an irregular initial long vowel). 107 As mentioned before (see note 97), Hoff [1968, 32] was able to hear a difference between /ita/ and /ika/, although with much difficulty.

M sipo ‘body hair’), /irapa/ ‘bow’ and its derivatives (cf. /wirapa/ in some related languages), /iri/ ‘give’ and /irui/ ‘older brother’ (which may have its origin in /rui/ and the prefix /i-/ ‘I, me, my’). There are more than 200 words in the dictionary having an initial /i/ preceding a coda. In the related Trio language, the vowel /i/ does not occur word initially at all (see Carlin 2004 50). 91 Another explanation for the glottal stop in /kapiQwa/ is that it is borrowed from a Tupi language (cf.

It may only occur if its syllable contains a free phoneme. g. pa/). Bound phonemes that precede the free phoneme on which they depend are called the onset of a syllable. Bound phonemes that follow the free phoneme on which they depend are called the coda of a syllable. The free phoneme on which bound phonemes depend is called the nucleus of a syllable. g. the combination /ai/ in a language might be considered a nucleus on which both an onset and a coda depend). Stress is a sound unit (or a force) that makes a syllable more prominent than other ones in the same word or in neighbouring words.

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