Download A Budget of Paradoxes [Vol I] by Augustus De Morgan; Sophia Elizabeth De Morgan; David Eugene PDF

By Augustus De Morgan; Sophia Elizabeth De Morgan; David Eugene Smith

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The basis of Nietzsche's agon with Paul is his contention with this ultimate assessment oflife-Paul sanctifies human suffering rather than transfiguring it, as Nietzsche saw in the case of Homer. Nietzsche presents our familiar models of intentional agency as part and parcel of the Pauline economy of guilt and debt; redemption from this suffering might well require a reconceptualization of moral agency. While Nietzsche scholars have been very reluctant to relinquish the conception of intentional agency Nietzsche criticizes (indeed, some have been loathe to even acknowledge his criticisms), I argue this is vital to his contention with Pauline morality.

In other words, playing to win and playing well might be, but are not necessarily, mutually exclusive goals. A competitive institution comprises more than just the competitors and their intentions. Through reward and punishment, recognition and dishonor by the judges and the community, competitive institutions direct and influence modes of action that are realized in particular agonistic exchanges. As we shall see in coming chapters, this sub de point lies at the heart of Nietzsche's evaluations of the contests established in Socratic philosophy and Christian morality.

Diogenes Laertius reports that Heraclitus complained that his friend Hermadorus was forced into exile by his native Ephesians when his accomplishments became so great that no one could even hope to better him. 15 Allegedly, the Ephesians did this because they were concerned about cultivating the pursuit of excellence on a broad scale, not because they despised greatness itself. The value and merits of others in the community were to be affected by ever extending the prospect of being able to earn a tide to greatness, not through reduction to the lowest common denominator.

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